Yakitori Like They Make It in JapanSteven Raichlen
There must be a thousand restaurants in Tokyo like the Izakaya-Tamotsu near the train station in the Chiyoda-Ku ward: eight stools lined up at an L-shape counter; two rickety tables with beer crates for chairs outdoors. This rough-and-tumble yakitori parlor serves up every imaginable cut of grilled chicken, from the leg, wing, neck, and skin to the liver, gizzard, heart, and embryonic eggs—and a great deal more, including asparagus and ginkgo nuts, tiny sweet potatoes, and eggplant topped with shaved bonito flakes. All this comes from a closet-size kitchen dominated by a charcoal grill barely the width of a single skewer. But the real treasure here is the pot of tare (yakitori sauce) that has been simmering uninterrupted and building flavor for years.
Yakitori Like They Make It in Japan
- Yield: Serves 6 to 8 as an appetizer, 4 as a main course
- Equipment: Small bamboo skewers or double-pronged skewers; an aluminum foil grill shield
For the tare:
- 1 cup chicken stock, preferably homemade
- 1 cup soy sauce
- 1/2 cup mirin (sweet rice wine), sake, or dry white wine
- 3/4 cup sugar, plus 2 tablespoons if using sake or white wine
- 1 scallion, trimmed, white part gently crushed with the side of a cleaver
- 1 clove garlic, gently crushed with the side of a cleaver
- 1 strip lemon zest (1/2 x 2 inches)
For the yakitori:
- 1 1/2 pounds chicken, any of the following: skinless dark meat; dark meat with skin; white meat; white meat with pieces of fat; chicken wing pieces, wing tips removed; chicken skin only; chicken livers and/or hearts; embryonic chicken eggs
- Toasted sesame seeds, for serving
Step 1: Make the tare: Place the chicken stock, soy sauce, mirin, sugar, scallion white, garlic, ginger, and lemon zest in a nonreactive saucepan and bring to a boil over medium heat. Let the tare simmer until thick and syrupy, 6 to 10 minutes, stirring often to prevent scorching. Strain the tare into a deep narrow saucepan you can place on the grill; there must be at least 3 1/2 inches of tare in the pot. Discard the solids from the tare.
Step 2: Make the yakitori: Cut the chicken into 1/2-inch cubes and thread it onto skewers. Fill each skewer only halfway; leave the other half bare as a handle. Typically, when skewering the meat, a Japanese grill master will intersperse lean pieces of chicken with pieces of fat or skin. You can grill only one type of chicken meat or you can serve a variety of chicken pieces: dark meat, white meat, chicken skin, and so on, skewering each part of the chicken separately. If you are not grilling the yakitori immediately, refrigerate them covered with plastic wrap. The yakitori can be prepared several hours ahead to this stage.
Step 3: Set up the grill for direct grilling and preheat it to high.
Step 4: When ready to cook, brush and grease the grill grate (a piece of chicken fat or skin held in tongs works great for greasing). Keep the pot of warm tare on one corner of the grill. If you are using a hibachi or other slender grill, arrange the chicken skewers on the hot grate so that the bare ends hang over the edge. On a larger grill, arrange the yakitori on the grate with an aluminum foil shield under the exposed ends of the skewers to keep them from burning.
Step 5: Grill the yakitori until the chicken is partially cooked (it will be white on the outside), about 2 minutes per side. Dip each yakitori in the sauce, then return it to the grate. Continue grilling the yakitori until the chicken is well browned and cooked through, 1 to 2 minutes per side longer. The outside should cook to a shiny glaze and the meat should feel firm to the touch when done. Take care that the yakitori don’t burn.
Step 6: Dip each grilled yakitori in the tare one more time and transfer them to a platter or plate. Sprinkle with sesame seeds and chopped scallion greens, if using, on top and serve at once. Although it’s not strictly traditional, I like to serve a little reserved tare in a tiny bowl as a dipping sauce.
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